Overview Of One Issue Surronding Open Data.

What is the issue at hand?

US implement of an Open Access (OA) policy.

Who is talking about the issue?

Many researchers and organizations are being impacted by open access mandates from all over the world.  The European nations took a strong stance in support of open access research publications and recently the US has joined this movement, although with not as heavy of a mandate.

What organizations/institutions do they represent?

Mainly STEM research will have an immediate impact by these mandates, but anyone who receives more than 1million in research funding from the US government in one year must complete and follow a plan to accomplish open access.

Where can we go for more information about this issue?


Where’s the Open Access (OA)? The process of finding my three OA science articles.

To start my search I complete a Google basic search for “open science research journal.”  With a description that seems to meet my needs I chose the link, http://www.scirp.org/journal/OpenAccess.aspx, which leads me to:  http://www.scirp.org/.  Because I was un-familiar with their collection list, I searched journals by subject.  One of the first journals listed was directly on topic, Advances in Parkinson’s Disease, http://www.scirp.org/journal/apd/.  As this is a dominant illness within my husband’s family I focus my search for articles that may help with “prevention.”

The articles are clearly open access with all showing the open access icon.  Their copyright guidelines give all of their articles the creative commons attribute license.

A. Patil, S. , Apine, O. , Surwase, S. and Jadhav, J. (2013) Biological sources of L-DOPA: An alternative approach. Advances in Parkinson’s Disease2, 81-87. doi: 10.4236/apd.2013.23016.

Johnson, L. , Putrino, D. , James, I. , Rodrigues, J. , Stell, R. , Thickbroom, G. and Mastaglia, F. (2013) The effects of a supervised Pilates training program on balance in Parkinson’s disease. Advances in Parkinson’s Disease2, 58-61. doi: 10.4236/apd.2013.22011.

Qi, Z. and Voit, E. (2013) Systems biology provides new tools for addressing Parkinson’s disease. Advances in Parkinson’s Disease2, 69-69. doi: 10.4236/apd.2013.23013.


Assessing the openness of one electronic resource.

Using  “How Open is It?” as a reference, I will assess the openness of the Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two based on:

  • reader rights

Free readership rights
to all articles immediately
upon publication

  • reuse rights

Reuse, remixing, &
further building upon the work
subject to certain restrictions
& conditions (e.g., CC BY-NC
& CC BY-SA licenses)

  • copyrights

Publisher holds copyright,
with some allowances for
author and reader reuse of
published version

  • author posting rights

Author may post
any version to any
repository or website
automatic posting

  • Journals make copies of articles

automatically available in trusted
third-party repositories (e.g.,
PubMed Central) immediately
upon publication
LOCKSS member. Digital Commons, http://network.bepress.com/.

  • metadata readability

Article full text, metadata, citations, &
data, including supplementary data,
provided in community machinereadable
standard formats through a
community standard API or protocol

This journal rates the highest level of access in all but two areas, where they place user usage restrictions of  Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 license and require publisher attribution with author reuse.  This journal can be accessed directly at http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/ujmm/.  It is also indexed down to the article level within DOAJ:  http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=search&template=&uiLanguage=en&query=Undergraduate+Journal+of+Mathematical+Modeling&filter=media%3A%22journal%22&filter=media%3A%22article%22.


2013. PLOS. Open Access Spectrum (OAS) grid. http://www.plos.org/about/open-access/howopenisit/

2013. UJMM:  One + Two. http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/ujmm/

Describing Open Access (OA) to a friend or colleague for the first time.

Open Access (OA) = Scholarly work(s) allowed to be perpetually accessed by anyone under a rainbow of permissions.


What makes OA green or gold? How about gratis or libre?

I choose not to define OA as simply gold/green or gratis/libre, as I have seen many variations other than two.  In fact, Sherpa/Romeo defines journal publisher policies as green, blue, yellow, and white:

ROMEO colour Archiving policy
green can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher’s version/PDF
blue can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) or publisher’s version/PDF
yellow can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)
white archiving not formally supported

But why stop there.  I would say there are even more “colors” out there.  Comment below and lets begin the discussion to define this rainbow of permissions.  What colors would you add and how would you describe them?

Red, Orange, Yellow, White, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet, Pink, Grey, Brown, Black.



2013. University of Nottingham.  RoMEO colours.  http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/definitions.php?la=en&fIDnum=|&mode=simple&version=#colours